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  • 您要明白的是,如果按照上海市的人口基数2500万计算的话,就算有100万的服务人员,平均每人也要保障25个人的预约服务.人要理性 2019-03-20
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  • 云南十一选五近100期:On-Site Solar is a Cost Saver and a Hedge on Energy Prices for African Businesses

    With its immense energy deficit and crumbling infrastructure, Sub-Saharan Africa could be fertile ground for solar developers. Still, despite high hopes and years of effort, the region’s solar market has struggled to grow.

    Outside of South Africa, Sub-Saharan African countries had only 420MW of solar plants selling power to the grid as of November 2018. This is less than 0.5% of the global installed solar capacity in 2017. It has also been highly concentrated in just a few markets that are either very small, or enjoyed significant development support, such as the Scaling Solar program. Utility-scale solar projects often struggle with administrative delays, unbankable PPAs and difficulties securing land.

    On-site solar for the commercial and industrial (C&I) sector can circumvent some of these challenges, while providing direct savings and a hedge on energy prices for its customers. Outside of the Scaling Solar and island markets, one in every four megawatts of solar capacity is selling power directly to an end-customer.

    Electricity tariffs for C&I customers in Sub-Saharan Africa in 2017 ranged from $0.028/kWh in Ethiopia to more than $0.232/kWh in Senegal. A 250kW solar project costs between $0.10-0.14/kWh in the countries assessed in this study. BNEF projections suggest that the cost of on-site solar will decline further to about $0.05/kWh by 2030. These declines are set to strengthen the local solar industry in the long run.

    Electrical power outages are another reason for businesses to turn to on-site solar. These are commonplace across most of Sub-Saharan Africa, so businesses either shoulder high opportunity costs from lost sales or manufacturing output, or resort to much costlier backup power, usually from diesel. Finally, solar projects help multinational corporates to attain their own green energy targets.

    Challenges

    Despite those fundamentals, the market has just started maturing in the last two years and growth is slow. The financial sector has broadly been absent so far. The majority of projects to date have been sold for cash, without financing. Developers almost unanimously cite lack of access to debt financing as the biggest hurdle to faster growth. Customer awareness of on-site solar is another important hurdle, though it appears to be improving faster than a few years ago.

    Where will the growth come from?

    C&I power consumption from the grid in the seven countries considered in this study where on-site solar is economically viable totaled some 31TWh in 2015. The figure translates to an average load of 3.5GW. Because on-site solar is designed for using generated electricity where it is installed, this load can be thought of as a proxy for the maximum addressable market.

    In Kenya and Ghana, developers told BNEF they are working on pipelines of 26MW and 32MW, respectively. In Nigeria, developers reported a pipeline of 52MW. While it is unlikely that the entire pipeline will proceed to the final stages, BNEF expects 2019 will be another record year for the C&I sector in Sub-Saharan Africa outside of South Africa.

    This research has been commissioned by responsAbility to assess the potential and target markets for C&I solar in Sub-Saharan Africa. BloombergNEF undertook a desk-based regional study to identify three high priority markets (Kenya, Nigeria, and Ghana) that were later studied in more detail. There, BNEF conducted interviews with 36 stakeholders in those markets.

    The complete report can be downloaded from here.

    About BloombergNEF

    BloombergNEF (BNEF), Bloomberg’s primary research service, covers clean energy, advanced transport, digital industry, innovative materials and commodities. We help corporate strategy, finance and policy professionals navigate change and generate opportunities.

    Available online, on mobile and on the Terminal, BNEF is powered by Bloomberg’s global network of 19,000 employees in 176 locations, reporting 5,000 news stories a day.
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  • 世界杯开幕 长春街头商家狂蹭热度 2019-04-24
  • 王杰的专栏作者中国国家地理网 2019-04-22
  • 感触名家笔下的端午文化 吃香粽原来可以这样"文艺" 2019-04-22
  • 商务部新闻发言人就美白宫6月18日声明发表谈话 2019-04-20
  • 河北省纪委通报8起扶贫领域违纪典型问题 2019-04-05
  • 今年全军院校将招生三万余名 2019-04-05
  • 银河系神秘微波辐射来自钻石星尘 2019-04-04
  • 醉心水墨长河 情系两岸文缘——专访台湾著名画家江明贤 2019-03-27
  • 认识【转基因的各种破坏力】,其实很简单,只需【化验员】扒开种植【转基因农作物】的【泥土】,拿到【化验室】在【显微镜】下面看一看其【泥土】里面还有没有【微生物】的 2019-03-22
  • 您要明白的是,如果按照上海市的人口基数2500万计算的话,就算有100万的服务人员,平均每人也要保障25个人的预约服务.人要理性 2019-03-20
  • “德国战车”成了“老爷车”? 卫冕前景令人担忧 2019-03-20
  • [鄙视]把祖宗十八代都抹除了的不孝子孙才是吃狗粮长大滴! 2019-03-19
  • 香油-热门标签-华商生活 2019-03-16
  • 第五届中国—亚欧博览会 2019-03-16
  • 2015科教频道中秋晚会《天涯共此时》 2019-03-12
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